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History: History is the study of the past, especially the people, events, and trends that have shaped our world. This is about the part of the past that was determined and experienced by consciousness. See also Historiography, Culture.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Gerald A. Cohen on History - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 81
History/Cohen, Gerald/Levine, Andrew: Cohen’s version of historical materialism is, at most, a theory of what could happen or, more precisely, of what would happen ceteris absentibus, in the absence of countervailing forces. It is not a prophecy of what is bound to come. Its purchase on historical inevitability is therefore more nuanced than anything that can be found in more traditional formulations of Marx’s idea.
, >K. Marx, >Materialism.
VsCohen: Subject to relentless criticism, some of it from Cohen himself, many historical materialist claims came to seem indefensible. (Cohen’s own hesitations about the theory he had reconstructed and defended are evident in Cohen, 1988(1).) No one maintained that the theory ought to be cast entirely aside. But the historical materialism that emerged in the wake of the scrutiny Cohen’s work spawned was a considerably attenuated version of Marx’s theory.

1. Cohen, G. A. (1988) History, Labour and Freedom: Themes from Marx. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Levine, Andrew 2004. A future for Marxism?“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Cohen I
Laurence Jonathan Cohen
"Some Remarks on Grice’s Views about the Logical Particals of Natural Languages", in: Y. Bar-Hillel (Ed), Pragmatics of Natural Languages, Dordrecht 1971, pp. 50-68
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Georg Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1979

Cohen II
Laurence Jonathan Cohen
"Mr. Strawson’s Analysis of Truth", Analysis 10 (1950) pp. 136-140
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994

Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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