|Culture: Culture is the shared knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, and practices of a group of people. It is transmitted from one generation to the next and can vary greatly from group to group. Culture can be found in all aspects of human life, from our language and religion to our food and clothing._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Will Kymlicka on Culture - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 252
Culture/multiculturalism/Kymlicka/Kukathas: National cultures are 'societal cultures', and the modern world is divided into such groupings. They provide their members with meaningful ways of life across the range of human activities - from the economic to the educational and religious. 'These cultures tend to be territorially concentrated, and based on a shared language' (1995a(1): 76). These are 'societal' cultures because they comprise not just shared memories or values
but also common institutions and practices. A 'societal culture' is embodied in schools, in the media, in the economy, and in government. >Multiculturalism/Kymlicka, >Minority rights/Kymlicka, Cf. >Nationalism/Kymlicka.
Minorities/groups: For Kymlicka, national minorities are, typically, groups with societal cultures — albeit cultures that have struggled against conquest, colonization, and forced assimilation. Immigrants, however, have no societal culture (though tthey may have left their own societal cultures). Societal cultures tend to be national cultures, and nations are almost invariably
societal cultures (1995a(1): 80).
Traditional culture/Kymlicka: In the modern world, cultures which are not societal cultures are not likely to prosper, given the pressures towards the creation of a single common culture in each country. His theory of group-differentiated rights accordingly focuses on enabling national minorities to sustain their societal cultures, while protecting immigrants with polyethnic rights that would 'help ethnic groups and religious minorities express their cultural particularity and pride without it hampering their success in the economic and political institu-tions of the dominant society' (1995a(1): 31).
1. Kymlicka, Will (1995a) Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kukathas, Chandran 2004. „Nationalism and Multiculturalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004