Thomas Scanlon on Toleration - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 164
Toleration//discourse theories/Scanlon/Bohman: toleration is required in order that
we treat others as political equals, as having equal entitlement to contribute to the definition of the society in which they live (Scanlon, 1996)(1). In order to capture the obligations of public deliberation, Onora O'Neill (1990)(2) correctly argues that it is communication itself that is 'the proper object of toleration' in a democracy.
Deliberative democracy/Bohman: In deliberative settings, citizens manifest their equality with each other not only by refraining from interfering with their acts of expression, but also by sustaining the conditions for communication. >Toleration/Discourse theories.
The toleration of others' perspectives is (...) part of recognizing them as equal members of a political community, despite the potential for persistent disagreements and deep conflicts. As Scanlon (1996)(1) puts it, what toleration expresses is recognition of common membership that is deeper than these conflicts, recognition of others as just as discursively „entitled as we are to
contribute to the definition of our society“.
1. Scanlon, T. M. (1996) 'The difficulty of toleration'. In D. Heyd, ed., Toleration: An Elusive Virtue. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
2. O'Neill, Onora (1990) 'Practices of toleration'. In J. Lichtenberg, ed., Democracy and the Mass Media. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bohman, James 2004. „Discourse Theory“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004