|Individuals: In philosophy, individuals are entities that are distinct from other entities. They are typically characterized by their own unique properties and experiences. Individuals can be physical objects, such as humans, animals, and plants, or they can be non-physical objects, such as minds, souls, and thoughts. See also Particulars, Individuation. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Minimal State on Individuals - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 120
Individuals/minimal state/Gaus/Mack: Liberty/individuals: How, consistent with unreconstructed liberty norms, could the minimal state acquire the resources necessary to finance the services it supplies?
The key to the minimal statist’s answer is that individuals do not have original (pre-contractual) moral claims to the various forms of protection that the state proposes to provide. Whereas individuals have original moral claims not to be interfered with or harmed by others in certain ways, individuals do
Gaus I 121
not have original moral claims that other agents protect them against those interferences or harms.
Protection: (...) the friends of the minimal state [say], this agency is under no pre-contractual obligation to provide individuals with the protection in which it specializes. It is, therefore, free to offer its presumably highly valued protective services for sale – as is any aspiring supplier of valuable services. >Taxation/Minimal State.
Mack, Eric and Gaus, Gerald F. 2004. „Classical Liberalism and Libertarianism: The Liberty Tradition.“ In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004