Charles Taylor on Multiculturalism - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 255
Multiculturalism/Charles Taylor/Kukathas: TaylorVsLiberalism: (...) in his influential essay 'The politics of recognition' (1994)(1). Taylor rejects as inadequate what might be called the liberal theory of multiculturalism, for liberalism, in his view, is incapable of giving culture the recognition it requires. Liberalism offers to recognize individuals as the bearers of rights and the possessors of dignity as equal citizens, regarding each person as essentially the same.
Individualism/distinctness/diversity//Taylor: But what many cultural groups want is recognition not of their sameness, but of their distinctness. Out of such desires, according to Taylor, grew a philosophical alternative to liberalism: the politics of difference.
VsNeurality: This view is sceptical about the pretensions of liberalism to offer neutral or difference-blind principles that are more than simply reflections of the standards of the dominant culture. TaylorVsKymlicka: Taylor thus rejects the efforts of Kymlicka to develop a liberalism that might accommodate difference by granting individuals differential rights to enable them to pursue their particular cultural ends. For him, the problem with this solution is that it works only 'for existing people who find themselves trapped within a culture under pressure, and can flourish within it or not at all. But it does not justify measures designed to ensure survival through indefinite future generations' (1994(1):62). It cannot, for example, justify the collective goals of the Québecois, whose aim is the long-term survival of the French- speaking community in Canada. >Multiculturalism/Kymlicka, >Group rights/Political philosophy, >Diversity/Multiculturalism, >Multiculturalism/Liberalism, >Minorities/Multiculturalism.
1. Taylor, Charles (1994) 'The politics of recognition'. In Amy Gutmann, ed., Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kukathas, Chandran 2004. „Nationalism and Multiculturalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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