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Minorities: Minorities refer to groups within a society that hold a smaller portion of power, privilege, or representation compared to the dominant or majority population. This distinction can be based on factors such as race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or socio-economic status. See also Majority, Society, Politics, Community, Democracy, Power.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Multiculturalism on Minorities - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 256
Minorities/Multiculturalism/Kukathas: [the] issue of the treatment of minorities within
minorities has (...)become the subject of considerable debate, many arguing that respect for
minorities cannot become grounds for accepting the mistreatment of internal minorities (Green, 1994)(1). >Diversity/Multiculturalism
, >Group rights/Political philosophy, >Minority rights/Political philosophy.
Cultural traditions/Levy: Levy, in particular, has offered a treatment of this matter which is sensitive to the claims of minorities seeking to live by their own cultural traditions but
nevertheless robust in its rejection of claims to perpetuate practices that are cruel or hateful.
The Multiculturalism of Fear, borrowing from Judith Shklar's reading of the liberal tradition emphasizing the significance of Montesquieu, insists that a political theory of multiculturalism must be 'centrally concerned neither with preserving and celebrating ethnic identities nor with overcoming them ' but with 'mitigating the recurrent dangers such as state violence toward cultural minorities, interethnic warfare, and intra-communal attacks on those who try to alter or leave their cultural communities' (Levy, 2000(2): 12—13). This theory tries to steer a course between condemning cultural identification and insisting that all minorities become good Millian liberals, and condemning liberalism for failing to be sufficiently hospitable to diversity.

1. Green, Leslie (1988) The Authority of the State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Levy, Jacob (2000) The Multiculturalism of Fear. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kukathas, Chandran 2004. „Nationalism and Multiculturalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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