|Nationalism: Nationalism is a feeling of national consciousness, loyalty, or allegiance to one's country. It is often associated with a belief in national sovereignty and the right to self-determination. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Margaret Moore on Nationalism - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 259
Nationalism/Margaret Moore/Kukathas: Nationalism, according to Margaret Moore, is 'a normative argument that confers moral value on national membership, and on the past and future
existence of the nation, and identifies the nation with a particular homeland or part of the globe'
(2002(1): 5). In her account, nations are moral communities characterized by bonds of solidarity and mutual trust, and the attachment people feel to such communities is reason enough to recognize national identity. This very recent account of nationalism takes issue with a number of prominent theories - such as Ernest Gellner's, which argued famously that 'nationalism is primarily a political principle, which holds that the political and national unit should be congruent' (1983(2): l). The problem with this view is that it implies that every nationalist movement seeks independence and political separation. Yet there are many groups which are nationalist in character but do not demand statehood, and would be content with greater freedom from external control within the existing state (Moore, 2002(1) : 4).
Solidarity: In Moore's view, nations are moral communities marked by bonds of solidarity and mutual trust. Thus they are not grounded in culture, for national identity should not be confounded with a common culture. While nationalists seek to preserve political communities, this does not mean that they seek to preserve their cultures.
MooreVsKymlicka/MooreVsMargalit/MooreVsRaz: In this regard, Moore's account is at odds with the arguments of liberal nationalists such as Kymlicka, Margalit, Raz, and Yael Tamir who see nationality as grounded in culture (Kymlicka, 1995a(3); Raz, 1994;(4) Margalit and Raz, 1990(5); Tamir 1993(6)).
1. Moore, Margaret (2002) The Ethics of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2. Gellner, Ernest (1983) Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
3. Kymlicka, Will (1995a) Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
4. Raz, Joseph (1994) 'Multiculturalism: a liberal perspective'. In his Ethics in the Public Domain. Oxford: Clarendon, 155—76.
5. Margalit, Avishai and Joseph Raz (1990) 'National self- determination'. Journal of Philosophy, 87:439—61.
6. Tamir, Yael (1993) Liberal Nationalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kukathas, Chandran 2004. „Nationalism and Multiculturalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004