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Deliberative democracy: Deliberative democracy is a form of democracy that emphasizes the importance of public deliberation in decision-making. It is based on the idea that citizens should have the opportunity to discuss and debate issues before decisions are made, and that these discussions should be informed by reason and evidence.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Seyla Benhabib on Deliberative Democracy - Dictionary of Arguments

Gaus I 283
Deliberative democracy/Benhabib/Mottier: (...)authors such as [Iris Marion] Young and Seyla Benhabib draw on liberalist thought to develop deliberative models of democracy. Benhabib (1992)(1) builds on Habermas's and Hannah Arendt's analyses of the public sphere to emphasize the necessity of democratizing public debate and opening access to it, while at the same time criticizing these authors for paying little attention to the exclusion of women from that sphere. Although Benhabib is in favour of maintaining some division between the spheres, she
takes issue with Arendt for conceptualizing this separation in overly rigid terms.
BenhabibVsHabermas: She also criticizes Habermas for operating a distinction between
public norms of justice and private values, thereby running the risk of reinstating the separation
between the two that has been at the origin of the exclusion of women. Benhabib (1992)(1), similarly to Joan Landes (1995)(2), argues for a Habermasian model of public debate while rejecting the idea of an abstract universal public, a rejection that allows 'differences' between men's and women's experiences to be taken into account instead.

1. Benhabib, Seyla (1992) Situating the Self: Gender, Community and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. New York: Routledge.
2. Landes, Joan (1995) 'The public and the private sphere: a feminist reconsideration'. In Johanna Meehan, ed., Feminists Read Habermas: Gendering the Subject of Discourse. London: Routledge, 91-116.

Véronique Mottier 2004. „Feminism and Gender Theory: The Return of the State“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Benhabib, Seyla
Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004

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