|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Richard Dawkins on Information - Dictionary of Arguments
Information/code/feedback/reaction/understanding/Dawkins: E.g. The science fiction novel Fred Hoyle, John Elliot, A for Andromeda, 1962): The inhabitants of Andromeda send signals to the earth that prompt the humans to construct a computer to suppress them. When they realize it, they destroy the computer in time.
Question: In what sense could it be said that the inhabitants of Andromeda manipulated events on Earth? They could not even know that the computer was built, because the signals travelled for 200 years. So they built a computer that made the decisions for them.
Analogy: Genes must also build a brain._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Selfish Gene, Oxford 1976
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996
M. St. Dawkins
Through Our Eyes Only? The Search for Animal Consciousness, Oxford/New York/Heidelberg 1993
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993