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The Good: The word "good" can have many different applications, but in general it refers to something that is morally right, ethical, or beneficial. It can also be used to describe something that is pleasant, desirable, or enjoyable. Philosophy is particularly concerned with the difficulties of defining the good. See also Definitions, Definability.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Plato on Good - Dictionary of Arguments

Bubner I 25
Good/The Good/Plato/Bubner: without Aristotelian glasses, the good in Plato seems less colorless: Why did the top idea have the good as its content?
I 32
Good/Ideas/Republic/Plato/Bubner: the idea of good can only be reflected in parables.
All ideas reveal a certain content in their truth. This is how by no means a hierarchy is established. It arises only when not the truth, but the idea of the good comes into view. (As a vanishing point of all knowledge).
, >Truth/Plato, >Good/Aristotle.
I 33
But this does not lead to a regress in meta-levels (where the not thematized becomes an issue), nor is it the demand for self-reflection.
In the state, however, it is not about a question of a principle of being, but about the sense of theory as a whole. This, however, requires more than a mere increase of theory from the principle on knowledge of principles.
I 35
Summary: the idea of the good must be understood literally. The parable-like dress does not point to an ontological secret doctrine.
The philosopher who, with this question of the meaning and purpose of the theory, relativizes the possibilities of the theory itself, becomes a dialectician. (Dialectic).
I 166
Def Eudaimonia/Plato: the "human good" whose investigation is part of politics.
The summit of knowledge is achieved only by the one who is given the highest function in political coexistence. For he knows exactly what all the actors are striving for, but can only recognize vaguely.
>Philosopher king.
I 167
Practice/Plato: "to do his own" is his formula for everyone's role in the state, but everyone can do it only in the context of the whole without overlooking the whole.

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Gadamer I 317
Good/The Good/Plato/Gadamer: AristotleVsPlato: By his limitation of the Socratic-Platonic "intellectualism" in the question of the good, Aristotle, as is well known, becomes the founder of ethics as a discipline independent of metaphysics. By criticizing the Platonic idea of the good as an empty generality, he confronts it with the question of the human good, the good for human action.
In the direction of this critique, the equation of virtue and knowledge, of "arete" and "logos" as they underlie the Socratic-Platonic virtue doctrine, are an exaggeration. Aristotle brings them back to the right measure by showing the orexis as the supporting element of humans's moral knowledge, the "striving" and its shaping into a firm attitude (hexis). The concept of ethics carries already in its name the reference to this Aristotelian foundation of the "arete" in practice and "ethos".
Gadamer I 318
Teaching of Ideas/AristotleVsPlato: Aristotle emphasizes, in contrast to the doctrine of goodness determined by Platonic ideology, that "practical philosophy" cannot be about accuracy of the highest order, as the mathematician carries it out.
>Ethics/Aristotle, >The Good/Aristotle.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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