|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Kim Sterelny on Information - Dictionary of Arguments
Definition information gradient/knowledge/Dennett: the information gradient describes groups in which the members have a very different level of knowledge.
Information/mind reader/Animal/Sterelny: there are even less refined methods of using other things than sources of information as imitation:
Stimulus increase: stimulus increase means an increased attention for the interests of others.
Definition information gradient/information permeable/Sterelny: For the organisms, environments are information translucent as far as relevant features can be depicted in complex, one - to - many ways, in a world represented by direct sensory stimuli.
Information permeability/Sterelny: not information permeable are organisms that take relevant characteristics only through one sense. E.g. Pavlovian dog: the dog does not have the ability to use the information in one channel to simultaneously control the reliability of the other channel._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Primate Worlds", in: The Evolution of Cognition, C. Heyes/L. Huber (Eds.) Cambridge/MA 2000
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005
Dawkins vs. Gould: Survival of the Fittest Cambridge/UK 2007