|Politics: politics is a comprehensive expression for the public negotiation and establishment of orders which should be valid for a community or society. See also power, society, history._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Aristotle on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments
Bubner I 176
Politics/Aristotle: as long as man lives together with others, he cannot concentrate on the idle show, but must choose the "second best way" of the political actor.
Practice/Aristotle: must perform an ordering performance within the contingency.
The objective is never given, but must be actively introduced into the practical situation.
The possibilities for action must be structured.
Def Prohairesis/Aristotle: the selection of the most appropriate means.
Politics/Aristotle: Politics only means realizing on a large scale what every concrete process of action already performs in the small scale.
Politics/Zoon Politikon/Aristotle: this property is attributed to man because of his speech!
Political institutions are to be understood from an ethics point of view.
Politics is not simply a ruling order, (VsPlato) with a good ruler like in Hobbes or Max Weber.
The ruler is not a large-scale housekeeper.
A common goal is to be investigated.
Politics/Aristotle: Starting point: village, which does not only exist due to everyday life needs.
In the polis, the character of "self-sufficiency" replaces the elementary natural conditionality.
Objective: Eudaimonia, the "good life", in this highest of all objectives, the practice structure returns, as it were, reflexively to itself.
Problem: Contradictory towards the natural: on the one hand, the essence of practice as a goal has been politically entered into its own telos, and this legitimates talk of man as a political entity by nature.
On the other hand, the natural conditions have been overcome thanks to a self-sufficient practice.
Nothing but practice itself, no nature defines the good. This self-determination means freedom.
- - -
Gaus I 314
Politics/literature/Aristotle/Keyt/Miller: (After 100 years Newman, 1887-1902(1), is still the
most important work on Aristotle's Politics. Two recent commentaries are the unfinished series
Schütrumpf, 1991a(2); 1991 b(3); Schütrumpf and Gehrke, 1996(4); and the four volumes of the Clarendon Aristotle Series: Saunders, 1995(5); Robinson, 1995(6); Kraut, 1997a(7); and Keyt, 1999(8).
Miller, 1995(9), and Kraut, 2002(10), are major studies of Aristotle's political philosophy. Lord, 1982(11), and Curren, 2000(12), are studies of Aristotle's views on education.
Six collections of essays should be noted: Barnes, Schofield and Sorabji, 1977(13); Patzig, 1990(14); Keyt and Miller, 1991(15); Lord, O'Connor and Bodéüs, 1991(16).
Neo-Aristotelianism: Aubenque, 1993(17); Höffe, 2001(18). Galston, 1980,(19) is an example of neo-Aristotelianism.)
1. Newman, W. L. (1887-1902) The Politics of Aristotle, 4 vols. Oxford: Clarendon.
2. Schütrumpf, Eckart (1991a) Aristoteles Politik, Buch I. Berlin: Akademie.
3. Schütrumpf, Eckart (1991b) Aristoteles Politik, Bücher Il und Ill. Berlin: Akademie.
4: Schütrumpf, Eckart and Hans-Joachim Gehrke (1996) Aristoteles Politik, Bücher IV—VI. Berlin: Akademie.
5. Saunders, Trevor J. (1995) Aristotle Politics Books I and II. Oxford: Clarendon.
6. Robinson, Richard (1995) Aristotle Politics Books III and IV with a Supplementary Essay by David Keyt (1st edn 1962). Oxford: Clarendon.
7. Kraut, Richard (1997a) Aristotle Politics Books VII and VIII. Oxford: Clarendon.
8. Keyt, David (1999) Aristotle Politics Books V and VI. Oxford: Clarendon.
9. Miller, Fred D. (1995) Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics. Oxford: Claredon.
10. Kraut, Richard (2002) Aristotle: Political Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
11. Lord, Carnes (1982) Education and Culture in the Political Thought of Aristotle. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
12. Curren, Randall R. (2000) Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
13. Barnes, Jonathan, Malcolm Schofield and Richard Sorabji, eds (1977) Articles on Aristotle. Vol. Il, Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
14. Patzig, Günther, ed. (1990) Aristoteles ' 'Politik ': Akten des XI Symposium Aristotelicum. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.
15. Keyt, David and Fred D. Miller, eds (1991) A Companion to Aristotle's Politics. Oxford: Blackwell.
16. Lord, Carnes, David K. O'Connor and Richard Bodéüs, eds (1991) Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science. Berkeley, CA: University of Califorma Press.
17. Aubenque, Pierre, ed. (1993) Aristote Politique: Études sur la Politique d 'Aristote. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
18. Höffe, Otfried, ed. (2001) Aristoteles Politik. Berlin: Akademie.
19. Galston, William A. (1980) Justice and the Human Good. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Keyt, David and Miller, Fred D. jr. 2004. „Ancient Greek Political Thought“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004