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Autonomy, philosophy: autonomy is the self-determinateness of a subject or a group of subjects in relation to options for action or possibilities of unfolding within a social environment. See also freedom, free will, subjects, society, actions, will, acts of will, reflection.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Immanuel Kant on Autonomy - Dictionary of Arguments

Rawls I 252
Autonomy/Kant/Rawls: Kant meant, as I understand it, that a person acts autonomously when the principles of his/her actions are chosen by him/her as the most adequate expression of his/her nature as a free and rational being. These principles were not chosen on the basis of their social status or talents, or in view of a particular community or the prospect of certain results.
Rawls: the veil of ignorance (in my theory) robs the persons in the initial situation of a society to be established anyway of all information about their future position, which at the same time guarantees that they decide as free and equally rational persons.
Rawls: this adds several things to Kant's concept: e. g. that the chosen principles are applied not only to individuals, but to society as a whole. Nevertheless, I think we'll stay close to Kant.
Principles/Rawls: when people act according to these principles, they express their nature as free and rational beings,...
Rawls I 253
... that are subject to the general conditions of human life. Because to reveal oneself as a being of a certain kind means to behave according to principles that would be chosen if this nature (this kind) were decisive for the choice of these principles.
Rawls: one reason for people to behave like this is to express their nature.
Autonomy/Kant/Rawls: our condition of a fundamental mutual disinterest in the goals of others is also compatible with Kant's concept of autonomy.
Rawls I 254
Instead of altruism, benevolence or conflicting goals, only rationality is accepted by the actors.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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