Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Habermas IV 73
Religious Belief/Durkheim/Habermas: Durkheim does not analyze religious belief and patriotism like G. GH. Mead, as out-of-the-ordinary attitudes of modern contemporaries, but as an expression of a collective consciousness deeply rooted in phylogenetic history, which is constitutive for the identity of groups.
Habermas IV 74
HabermasVsDurkheim: Durkheim does not sufficiently distinguish between the commonality of ritual practice created by religious symbolism and a linguistically generated inter-subjectivity.
Habermas IV 83
Religious Belief/Durkheim/Habermas: Religious belief is always belief of a collective. It emerges from a practice that he interprets at the same time. Religious beliefs are already formulated linguistically, they are the common possession of a religious community, whose members assure themselves of their commonness in ritual actions. (1)
Habermas IV 84
Durkheim/Habermas: religion is no longer presented in a positivist manner, in the manner of a theory that (...) represents society as a whole. Instead, there is now a dynamic view. Once ritual practice is recognized as the more original phenomenon, religious symbolism can be understood as a means for a special form of symbolically mediated interaction. This, the ritual practice, serves a communicative communion.


1. E. Durkheim, Les formes élementaires de la vie religieuse, Paris, 1968, German: Frankfurt 1981 p. 28.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Durkheim I
E. Durkheim
The Rules of Sociological Method - French: Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique, Paris 1895
German Edition:
Die Regeln der soziologischen Methode Frankfurt/M. 1984

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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