Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Freedom: Freedom is the ability to live one's life without constraints, according to one's own values and beliefs. See also Liberty, Community, State, Governance, Society, Individuals, Democracy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Karl Marx on Freedom - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 365
Freedom/Necessity/Marx/Höffe: Marx adopts a traditional (...) dichotomy: the separation of an empire of necessity subjected to labor from an empire of freedom removed from labor(1).
Overwhelmed by the misery of the factory workers of the time, he does not seek the opportunities for freedom inherent in work, which lie in education and training and the possibilities of communication and mutual recognition that are built into the work.
Rather, he states, not wrongly, the moment of compulsion that belongs to work.
HöffeVsMarx: But when he complains that labor does not satisfy one's own needs, but only the needs of others through goods, he does not take into account that the worker also needs goods, which he/she can obtain through the medium of exchange (money), if he/she has enough of it.

1. K. Marx, Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte (1844) (Pariser Manuskripte)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Marx I
Karl Marx
Das Kapital, Kritik der politische Ökonomie Berlin 1957

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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