Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Ecology: Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. It considers organisms at the individual, population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere level. See also Ecosystemic approach, Environment, Environmental damage, Climate change.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Peter Singer on Ecology - Dictionary of Arguments

I 251
Ecology/Aldo Leopold/Singer, P.: (A. Leopold)(1): Thesis: We need a "new ethics" that deals with the relationship of man to land and animals.
Leopold thesis: Something is okay if it intends to preserve the integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community and it is wrong if it does not do so.
I 253
Ecology/Deep Ecology/Singer, P.: (see also Ecology/Naess, Ecology/Sessions).
Problems: it is the question of whether a species or an ecosystem can be considered as an individual with interests.
>Ecosystemic approach.
Deep ecology: will have a problem with the definition of reverence for life. One cannot only doubt that trees, species and ecosystems have moral interests: moreover, if they are to be considered as a "self", it is still difficult to show that the survival of this self (the tree or the system) has a moral value, irrespective of the benefit it has for conscious life.
Existence/Systems/Value/Ethics/Singer, P.: Another problem: "How is it for a system not to be realized?"
I 254
P. SingerVsLovelock, James: In this respect, species, trees and ecosystems are more like rocks than knowing beings. We should confine ourselves to arguments concerning such knowing beings.
>Deep ecology.

1. A. Leopold, A Sand County Almanac, with Essay on Conservation from Round River, New York (1970), pp. 238 and 262.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

SingerP I
Peter Singer
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011

SingerP II
P. Singer
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015

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