James Surowiecki on Cooperation - Dictionary of Arguments
Cooperation/SurowieckiVsAxelrod/Surowiecki: Robert Axelrod's assumption of a "shadow of the future" in which previous experience with cooperation partners determines our future behaviour does not explain why we trust foreigners, buy on eBay, give tips. (See Cooperation/Axelrod).
Solution/Robert Wright/Surowiecki: Wright's thesis: because over time we have learned that trade and exchange are games where everyone wins, not just one wins and one loses. According to this thesis, cooperation is not a zero-sum game. (1). (Robert WrightVsAxelrod).
Groups/cooperation: it can happen in small groups that employees do not become smarter but dumber in the course of the collaboration. One example of this is the Columbia disaster, in which a piece of styrofoam that had been broken out damaged the heat shield of the space shuttle Columbia to such an extent that it burned up upon re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. The group disregarded clues and ignored opportunities to obtain information.
Small groups: the relationship between members of small groups is completely different from that of larger groups. They feel that they belong to their team rather than, for example, as market participants in a larger event. Judgments within the group are more unpredictable due to strong mutual influence.
The results of group discussions are largely determined by the order of the contributions to the discussion. The earlier people request to speak, the greater their influence on the course of the discussion: as a rule, they set the framework for further arguments. (See also Information/Sunstein).
1. Robert Wright, Nonzero – The Logic of Human Destiny (Pantheon, New York 2000)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Die Weisheit der Vielen: Warum Gruppen klüger sind als Einzelne und wie wir das kollektive Wissen für unser wirtschaftliches, soziales und politisches Handeln nutzen können München 2005