|Egocentrism: Egocentrism in psychology is the inability to see things from another person's perspective. It is a normal part of cognitive development in children, but it can persist into adulthood in some people._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
J��rgen Habermas on Egocentrism - Dictionary of Arguments
Egocentrism/Habermas: assuming that egocentrism renews itself at every stage ((s) of learning), the processes of learning are followed by the shadows of systematic errors.(1)
Self-centrism/Elkind: in infancy: the idea that objects are identical with their perception. This is overcome by the unfolding of the symbol function.
At preschool age: the assumption that symbols contained the same information as the objects they represented. This is overcome by the emergence of concrete operations.
In preadolescence: the idea that one's own mental concepts correspond to a higher form of perception reality prevails. This is overcome by employing formal-operational thinking and the ability to establish counterfactual hypotheses.
In early adolescence: the imagination, the thoughts of others were entirely focused on the own self. This is overcome by the experience of the divergence of the reactions anticipated by the adolescent and the reactions actually occurring.(2)
>Stages of development, >Psychological theories on egocentrism,
1.D. Elkind Egozentrismus in der Adoleszenz, in: Döbert, Habermas, Nummer-Wikler (Hrsg.) Entwicklung des Ichs, Köln 1977, 1070ff,
2. Elkind ibid. 177f._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981