|Culture: Culture is the shared knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, and practices of a group of people. It is transmitted from one generation to the next and can vary greatly from group to group. Culture can be found in all aspects of human life, from our language and religion to our food and clothing._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Lawrence Kohlberg on Culture - Dictionary of Arguments
Slater I 168
Cultural influences/morality/Kohlberg: A major tenet of Kohlberg’s theory (>Morality/Kohlberg) is that moral development is a universal process largely unaffected by socio-cultural practices. Research from the social domain theory perspective (Nucci, 2001(1); Smetana, 1985(2), 2006(3); Turiel, 2002(4)) contradicts this assertion, at least with reference to social conventional transgressions such as dressing inappropriately or displaying poor table manners. The evidence of socio-cultural influences is weaker with reference to moral transgressions that involve harm or injustice.
However, recent research on children’s judgments about honesty and dishonesty suggests that the socio-cultural influences are quite broad in scope, which poses a challenge to Kohlberg’s theory due to the central role honesty has played in theorizing about morality and moral development. >Injustice/Kohlberg.
1. Nucci, L. P. (2001). Education in the moral domain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2. Smetana, J. G. (1985). Preschool children’s conceptions of transgressions: The effects of varying moral and conventional domain-related attributes. Developmental Psychology, 21, 18—29.
3. Smetana, J. G. (2006). Social-cognitive domain theory: Consistencies and variations in children’s moral and social judgments. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds), Handbook of moral development (pp.
119—153). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
4. Turiel, E. (2002). The culture of morality: Social development, context, and conflict. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Gail D. Heyman and Kang Lee, “Moral Development. Revisiting Kohlberg’s Stages“, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Philosophy of Moral Development: Moral Stages and the Idea of Justice New York 1981
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012