Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Psychological Theories on Egocentrism - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 79
Egocentrism/Social context/Psychological theories/Upton: There is (…) evidence that the social context has an impact on young children’s egocentrism. In a classic experiment, Hughes (1975)(1) repeated the three mountains task using a situation he thought would be more familiar (and therefore more socially relevant) to the child – a ‘naughty boy’ hiding from a policeman.
In this task, children are shown a board with two barriers. Toy policemen are placed at the end of each barrier and the child is asked to place a model boy in the layout where the policemen can’t see him.
HughesVsPiaget: Hughes found that 90 per cent of children aged three to five could complete the task successfully, concluding that it was lack of understanding of the situation rather than egocentrism that caused the problems for Piaget’s participants. >Egocentrism/Piaget.



1. Hughes, M. (1975) Egocentrism in preschool children. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Edinburgh.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Psychological Theories
Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011


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