Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Cultural differences: Cultural differences encompass diverse norms, values, customs, and behaviors that distinguish one group from another. These variations encompass language, traditions, social structures, beliefs, and expressions, shaping unique identities and perspectives within societies and across global communities. See also Culture, Cultural traditions, Communities, Society, Conflicts, Multiculturalism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jerome Kagan on Cultural Differences - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 30
Cultural Differences/Kagan/Developmental psychology/Upton: In the paper ‘Reactivity in infants: a cross-national comparison’ Kagan et al. (1994)(1) argue that behavioural traits, such as the amount of motor activity seen in infants, are innate. In this study, Kagan provides evidence for very different patterns of motor arousal in four-month-old infants in three different cultures – China, Ireland and the USA. The data suggest that Chinese infants are much calmer, quieter and less fretful than the American and Irish infants, which Kagan cites as evidence for biological differences in temperament between Caucasian and Asian infants.
>Stages of development
, >Temperament, >Personality traits,
>Developmental psychology, >Innateness, >Heredity.
Upton I 31
Questions: Can we be certain that these differences [including motor activity, fretting, crying and vocalization] are biological? At what point in development is experience relevant? For example, how might prenatal experiences have influenced the behaviours shown by these infants?
>Pre-natal learning, >Behavior, >Method.

1. Kagan,J, Articus, D. and Snidman, N. et al. (1994) Reactivity in infants: a cross-national
comparison. Developmental Psychology, 30: 3 42—5.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Kagan, Jerome
Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Kagan
> Counter arguments in relation to Cultural Differences

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z