Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Working models: In psychology, working models refer to mental frameworks individuals construct to understand and navigate social relationships. Developed through experiences, these models shape expectations, beliefs, and behaviors in interactions with others. Attachment theory, proposed by John Bowlby, introduced the concept of internal working models to describe mental representations of attachment figures and relationships formed during early childhood, influencing adult relationships. See also Attachment theory, Behavior, Social behavior, Frames, Frame Theories.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Attachment Theory on Working Models - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 240
Working models/attachment theory/Shaver/Mikulincer: Because working models, at least initially, are based on the internalization of specific interactions with a particular attachment figure, a person can hold multiple working models that differ in the outcome of the interaction (success or failure to attain security) and the strategy used to deal with insecurity in that interaction (hyperactivation or deactivation of the attachment system).
Like other mental representations, these working models form excitatory and inhibitory associations with each other (e.g., experiencing or thinking about security attainment activates memories of congruent episodes of gaining protection and security), and these associations favour the formation of more abstract and generalized representations of self and others. In a recent study, Overall, Fletcher and Friesen (2003)(1) provided evidence for this hierarchical cognitive network of attachment working models.
>About the Attachment theory.

1. Overall, N. C., Fletcher, G. J. O. and Friesen, M. D. 2003. Mapping the intimate relationship mind: comparisons between three models of attachment representations, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 29: 1479–93

Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer, “Attachment theory: I. Motivational, individual-differences and structural aspects”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Attachment Theory
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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