Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Learning theory: Learning theory describes how students receive, process, and retain knowledge during learning. It considers cognitive, emotional, environmental influences, as well as prior experience. See also Learning.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jeffrey A. Gray on Learning Theory - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 358
Learning Theory/Gray: Gray’s (1975)(1) Elements of a two-process theory of learning fully embodied [the tradition of Hull] (see Learning Theory/Hull, Hull 1952(2)) in personality psychology.
Hull: reduced all forms of motivationally-salient reinforcement to a single process of ‘drive-reduction’; as noted by Gray (1975(1), p. 25), the ‘Hullian concept of general drive, to the extent that it is viable, does not differ in any important respects from that of arousal’.
On the real nervous system side of the coin, the conceptual nervous system work was strengthened by neurophysiological findings pointing to specific emotion centres in the brain (e.g., the ‘pleasure centres’; Olds and Milner 1954(3); see Corr 2006(4)).

1. Gray, J. A. 1975. Elements of a two-process theory of learning. London: Academic Press
2. Hull, C. L. 1952. A behaviour system. New Haven: Yale University Press
3. Olds, J. and Milner, P. 1954. Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 47: 419–27
4. Corr, P. J. 2006. Understanding biological psychology. Oxford: Blackwell

Philip J. Corr, „ The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gray, Jeffrey A.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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