Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Motivation: Motivation is the driving force behind the actions of a person. It is what energizes and compels the person to take action. Motivation can be intrinsic or extrinsic. See also Motives, Causation, Actions, Interest, Action theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ronald E. Smith on Motivation - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 478
Motivation/emotion/Shoda/Smith: Motivation and emotion are intimately connected. According to Lazarus (1991)(1), emotions are aroused when personally significant goals are attained, threatened or frustrated.
Shoda/Smith: Within the CAPS (Cognitive-affective processing system) model, motives and values play a central role, guiding the short- and long-term goals that people seek, the ways they encode certain events, the situations and outcomes they approach or avoid, and their emotional reactions to such situations.
, >Social Cognition/Shoda/Smith.
Individual differences in the meaning ascribed to an athletic situation depend in part on the goals and subjective values that people bring to it. Expectancies and values also interact in important ways (Brehm and Self 1989)(2).
Competencies and self-regulation skills People’s cognitive, affective and behavioural capabilities are key factors in how they are influenced by, respond to, and influence their environments. The final CAPS (Cognitive-affective processing system) component – competencies and self-regulatory systems – receive strong emphasis in current social-cognitive theories (e.g., Bandura 1997(3); Mischel and Shoda 1995(4)).
>Self-regulation, >Control processes/Shoda/Smith.

1. Lazarus, R. S. 1991. Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press
2. Brehm, J. W. and Self, E. A. 1989. The intensity of motivation, Annual Review of Psychology 40: 109–31
3. Bandura, A. 1997.Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freeman
4. Mischel, W. and Shoda, Y. 1995. A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure, Psychological Review 102: 246–68

Ronald E. Smith and Yuichi Shoda, “Personality as a cognitive-affective processing system“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconSmith I
Adam Smith
The Theory of Moral Sentiments London 2010

EconSmithV I
Vernon L. Smith
Rationality in Economics: Constructivist and Ecological Forms Cambridge 2009

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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