Neuroimaging on Reading Acquisition - Dictionary of Arguments
Upton I 101
Reading acquisition/Neuroimaging/Upton: (…) evidence from neuro-imaging studies and studies of patients with cerebellar lesions also play an important role in a range of high-level cognitive functions, such as language, previously believed to be under the sole control of the cortex (Booth et al., 2007)(1). According to the cerebellar deficit hypothesis (Nicolson et al., 1995)(2), both literacy and automaticity problems can be explained by abnormal cerebellar function. Indeed, there is evidence from both behavioural and neuro-imaging tests that dyslexia is associated with cerebellar impairment in about 80 per cent of cases (Nicholson et al., 2001)(3). It therefore seems that not only does motor development create the opportunity for cognitive functions to develop,(…) but that the interrelatedness of cognitive and motor development might also be based on shared neural systems (Ojeman, 1984(4); Diamond, 2000(5)).
1. Booth JR1, Wood L, Lu D, Houk JC, Bitan T., „The role of the basal ganglia and cerebellum in language processing.“ In: Brain Res. 2007 Feb 16;1133(1):136-44. Epub 2006 Dec 26.
2. Nicolson RI1, Fawcett AJ, Dean P. „Time estimation deficits in developmental dyslexia: evidence of cerebellar involvement.“, In: Proc Biol Sci. 1995 Jan 23;259(1354):43-7.
3. Nicolson, RI, Fawcett, AJ and Dean, P (2001) Developmental dyslexia: the cerebellar deficit hypothesis. Trends in Neurosciences, 24(9): 508–11.
4. Ojeman, GA (1984) Common cortical and thalamic mechanisms for language and motor functions. American Journal of Physiology, 246: 901–3.
5. Diamond, LM (2000) Sexual identity, attractions, and behavior among young sexual-minority women over a two-year period. Developmental Psychology, 36: 241–50._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011