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Educational Psychology on Theory of Mind - Dictionary of Arguments
Upton I 102
Theory of Mind/Educational psychology/Upton: An important area of cognitive development that takes place during the school years is children’s understanding of mental states; they develop what is known as a theory of mind. Theory of mind refers to the understanding that other people may have different thoughts, knowledge, desires, feelings and beliefs (Harris, 2006)(1).
Even preschoolers try to attribute knowledge and mental states to others; however, it is not until around the age of four years that children are thought to demonstrate a coherent theory of mind (Gopnik, 1993)(2).
Some theorists argue that this ability demonstrates a qualitative shift in children’s thinking (e.g. Wellman and Gelman, 1998)(3).
However, others disagree, arguing that the tasks used to test for theory of mind underestimate children’s abilities (Siegal and Peterson, 1994)(4). >False Belief Task/Educational psychology, >False Belief Task/Happé.
1.Harris, PL (2006) Social cognition, in Kuhn, D and Siegler, R (eds) Handbook Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 2: Cognition, perception, and language (6th edn). New York: Wiley.
2. Gopnik, A (1993) How we know our minds: the illusion of first-person knowledge of intentionality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16: 1–14.
3. Wellman, HM and Gelman, SA (1998) Knowledge acquisition in foundational domains, in Kuhn, D and Siegler, RS (eds) Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 2: Cognition, perception, and language (5th edn). New York: Wiley.
4. Siegal, M and Peterson, CC (1994) Children’s theory of mind and the conversational territory of cognitive development, in Lewis, C and Mitchell, P (eds) Origins of an Understanding of Mind. Hove: England: Erlbaum._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology 2011
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