Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Social identity: Social identity in psychology is the part of an individual's self-concept derived from their perceived membership in social groups, such as nationality, religion, gender, or professional affiliation. It involves identifying with these groups. Social identity is central to understanding how individuals perceive themselves and others within a social context. See also Social groups, Social behavior, Behavior, Self, Self-consciousness, Self-knowledge.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Muzafer Sherif on Social Identity - Dictionary of Arguments

Haslam I 157
Social identitySherif: The theoretical perspectives that are most directly indebted to Sherif and his colleagues are those that have, like him, eschewed an individualistic approach to intergroup relations: in particular, social identity theory (Tajfel and Turner, 1979)(1) and self-categorization theory (Turner et al., 1987(2).
(…) there are fundamental differences between Sherif’s analysis and the social identity approach (>Social identity theory/Tajfel
Sherif: (Sherif et al. 1961(3), 1969(4)) focused on the analysis of ‘structural properties of group interaction and formation, group products … and the reciprocal functional relationships between groups and individual members’ (Sherif and Cantril, 1947(5): 282).
>Social groups/Sherif, >Group behavior/Sherif, >Robbers Cave experiment/Sherif.
TajfelVsSherif: Analyses of these relationships, however, are less important in social identity analyses of intergroup behaviour – in part, as a result of Henri Tajfel’s own minimal group studies which established that group-based behaviour could emerge in the absence of intragroup interdependence, structure and roles. >Social identity theory/Tajfel.

1. Tajfel, H. and Turner, J.C. (1979) ‘An integrative theory of intergroup conflict’, in W.G. Austin and S. Worchel (eds), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole. pp. 33–48.
2. Turner, J.C., Hogg, M.A., Oakes, P.J., Reicher, S. and Wetherell, M.S. (1987) Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-categorization Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
3. Sherif, M., Harvey, O.J., White, B.J., Hood, W.R. and Sherif, C.W. (1961) Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation: The Robbers Cave Experiment. Norman, OK: Institute of Group Relations, University of Oklahoma.
4 .Sherif, M. and Sherif, C.W. (1969) Social Psychology. New York: Harper & Row.
5. Sherif, M. and Cantril, H. (1947) The Psychology of Ego-involvements. New York: Wiley.

Michael W. Platow and John A. Hunter, „ Intergroup Relations and Conflicts. Revisiting Sherif’s Boys’ Camp studies“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Sherif, Muzafer
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017

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