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Craig McGarty on Social World - Dictionary of Arguments
Haslam I 239
Social World/stereotypes/McGarty: Our approach (McGarty et al (1993)(1) was informed by an alternative social cognitive approach to stereotyping that was inspired by the social identity approach, and in particular self-categorization theory (Turner et al., 1994)(2). (see also >Social World/James, >Social World/Bruner). McGartyVsBruner, McGartyVsJames.
Thesis: social perceivers are not confronted with a too complex world which they must oversimplify but instead seek to add to their stock of knowledge; they seek out subtleties and concealed insights.
Stereotypes/McGartyVsTradition/McGarty: Thesis: stereotypes are not rigid, simplifying, and negative distortions of reality but in fact are impressions of groups that would tend to be as flexible, complex, positive, and accurate as they needed to be, in order to reflect the requirement of the perceivers who formed them to adapt to and interact with the environment they confront.
1. McGarty, C., Haslam, S.A., Turner, J.C. and Oakes, P.J. (1993) ‘Illusory correlation as accentuation of actual intercategory difference: Evidence for the effect with minimal stimulus information’, European Journal of Social Psychology, 23: 391–410.
2. Turner, J.C., Oakes, P.J., Haslam, S.A. and McGarty, C. (1994) ‘Self and collective: Cognition and social context’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20: 454–63.
Craig McGarty, „Stereotype Formation. Revisiting Hamilton and Gifford’s illusory correlation studies“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017
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