|The relation of language and thought: this problem has been discussed since ancient philosophy and is today present in psychological research. It runs down to the question whether speechless animals are able to have thoughts. See also language, animal language, meaning, signs, communication, thinking, world/thinking._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Aristotle on Language and Thought - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 435
Language and Thought/Aristotle/Gadamer: Indeed, even Aristotle, as much as his own training of "logic" was decisively motivated by the conscious handling of the logic of definition, especially in the classificatory description of nature, to depict the order of beings and to free it from all linguistic contingencies, remained completely bound into the unity of speaking and thinking.
Language/Aristotle: The few places where he speaks of language as such at all are therefore far from isolating the linguistic sphere of meaning from the material world that is named by it. When Aristotle says of the sounds or characters that they then "signify" when they become a "symbolon", this does indeed mean that they are not natural, but emerged by agreement (kata synthékän). But this is by no means an instrumental sign theory.
Convention: Rather, the agreement according to which the sounds of speech or characters mean something is not an agreement about a means of communication - such an agreement would always require language - but it is the agreement on which the community among people, their agreement on what is good and right is based.(1) >Nomos/Aristotle, >Language/Ancient philosophy.
1. Vgl. Polit. A 2_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977