|Introspection: introspection is the investigation of a self-conscious subject of its own inner states. Prerequisites are, among other things, the ability to distinguish interior from external influences, as well as at least to some extent the use of a public language. Moreover, the subject must be able to compare past internal and external states with present internal and external states, and must be able to deliberately distinguish itself from other subjects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Arthur C. Danto on Introspection - Dictionary of Arguments
Introspection/Strawson/Danto: we only know how much we weigh or what the temperature is by means of instruments. The mind is even more deceptive: memory deceives us, we repress our feelings and are capable of self-deception.
>P.F. Strawson, >Self-knowledge, >Delusion, >Illusion.
Introspection: For example, one can have pain on amputated limbs. There is no reason why an inner sense should be more authoritative than an outer one.
>Privileged access, >First person, >Pain.
VsBehaviorism: if we defined expressions like anger or love absolutely and totally in terms of behavior, then there would be no difference between these expressions and those we use to describe people: blonde, fat, tall etc. Now we do not apply these terms to ourselves on the same basis.
In how we ascribe such expressions to ourselves and to others, there really are differences, whereas there are no such differences in terms of temperature or weight.
>Self-knowledge, >Self-identification._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005