Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Dementia: Dementia refers to a group of cognitive disorders characterized by a decline in memory, reasoning, and other cognitive functions that impairs daily functioning. See also Cognition, Memory, Thinking, Problem solving, Information processing, Alzheimer's disease.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Developmental Psychology on Dementia - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 142
Dementia/Developmental psychology/Upton:
Def Dementia/Upton: a serious loss of cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It may be static, the result of a unique global brain injury, or progressive, resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body. Although dementia is far more common in the geriatric population, it may occur at any stage of adulthood.
Developmental psychology: Normally, it is expected that high levels of loss of volume are linked to serious functional problems, such as those associated with dementia. Indeed, that is exactly the relationship seen in individuals of low to moderate socio-economic status.
However, in individuals of higher socio-economic status, the same structural decline seems to be better tolerated – that is, it does not affect functioning. It has therefore been concluded that higher socio-economic status protects against cognitive decline. Individuals with dementia often lose the ability to look after themselves. They may also no longer recognize familiar places or people, including close family members such as their children or a spouse (Clark, 2006)(1). The most common form of dementia, accounting for between 50 and 70 per cent of all dementia, is Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is progressive, meaning that it involves a gradual decline in skills. It is also irreversible.
>Social status
, >Alzheimer’s Disease.

1. Clark, R, Hyde, ¡S, Essex. MJ and Klein, MH (2006) Length of maternity leave and quality of mother- infant interactions. Child Development, 68,2: 364-83.

Further reading:
Kitchener, KS, Lynch, CL, Fischer, KW and Wood, PK (1993) Developmental range of reflective judgment: the effect of contextual support and practice on developmental stage. Developmental Psychology, 29:893-906. Available online at https :/ / -ddl/articles Copy! Kitchener-etal 1993 DevRangeReflectjudgem.pdf.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology
Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011

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