Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Models, philosophy, logic: A model is obtained when a logical formula provides true statements by inserting objects instead of the free variables. One problem is the exclusion of unintended models. See also model theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ludwig Wittgenstein on Models - Dictionary of Arguments

Hintikka I 129
Wittgenstein/Tractatus: the sentence is an image of reality, the sentence is a model of reality as we think it is. (4.01). >Picture theory
- - -
VII 62
Model/Tractatus: We take pictures of reality. (2.1)
These pictures are models (2.12). >Picture (image), >Picture (mapping).
VII 66
Model/Tetens: the model has certain characteristics and relations in common with the corresponding objects in the world. >World, >Reality, >Similarity.
VII 69
Model/Tractatus: the model itself is a part of reality and therefore consists of facts.
Hence: (2.141) the picture is a fact.
Mapping/Form/World/Tractatus: the "form of the mapping" is the possibility that things relate to each other like the elements of the image (2.151)
Model/Tetens: exists if they behave in exactly the same way.
Problem: at first, model and reality have nothing to do with each other.
Solution: Assignment rule. (2.1513 – 2.1515)
VII 72
Model/Tractatus/Tetens: For example, the relationship between record and score is a model for the relationship between language and reality. >Language.
VII 78
Model/Tetens: there are also higher level models, e.g. for the ratio of a construction model to the original. This shows a limit of mapping. >Limits.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

L. Wittgenstein
Wittgenstein’s Lectures 1930-32, from the notes of John King and Desmond Lee, Oxford 1980
German Edition:
Vorlesungen 1930-35 Frankfurt 1989

L. Wittgenstein
The Blue and Brown Books (BB), Oxford 1958
German Edition:
Das Blaue Buch - Eine Philosophische Betrachtung Frankfurt 1984

L. Wittgenstein
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP), 1922, C.K. Ogden (trans.), London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Originally published as “Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung”, in Annalen der Naturphilosophische, XIV (3/4), 1921.
German Edition:
Tractatus logico-philosophicus Frankfurt/M 1960

Hintikka I
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
Investigating Wittgenstein
German Edition:
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996

Hintikka II
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989

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> Counter arguments in relation to Models

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