|Stimulus: is a change in the state of a variable which, by acting on a subject or ultimately a sense cell, can have or cannot have effect or a willingness to do so. Stimuli can occur both outside and inside a living system. While in an event that is without effect, one does not speak of a cause, one speaks very well of stimuli, which remain subliminally and thus trigger no reaction. The reason for this is that several levels are involved in the processing of stimuli and inhibitions may occur during processing._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Thomas S. Kuhn on Stimuli - Dictionary of Arguments
Stimulus/Kuhn: Kuhn: Human beings do not see stimuli.
Stimulus/Sensation/Kuhn: Experience and knowledge about nature is built into the transition from stimulus to sensation.
Knowledge/Kuhn: We have no direct access to the content of our knowledge, no rules. Rules that would allow such access would refer to stimuli, not on feelings - and stimuli are known to us only via a complicated theory. - That is why knowledge in the transition from stimulus to sensation is tacit.
The world is not made up of stimuli, but of objects. See also >Perception, >Material Things, >Sensations, >Reality._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago 1962
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973