Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Michael Esfeld on Relations - Dictionary of Arguments

I 177ff
Relation/Esfeld: a relation does not need a non-relational explanation reason (unlike dispositions that need a non-dispositional explanation reason).
, >Explanation, >Foundation.
I 298ff
External relations/Lewis: e.g. suppose we say "equal charge"/"unequal charge" (external) instead of positive/negative (intrinsic): equal charge/unequal charge does not supervene on positive/negative. Equal charge/unequal charge has no distinguishing properties.
For example, if there are three spheres that can have two different colors, at least two must be the same: so there are external relations that are spatiotemporal.
>Entanglement, >Quantum mechanics.
External relation: conditions: an external relation must a) not supervene on non-relational properties (e.g. mass) and b) must supervene on the nature of the composite.
I 299ff
Relations: relations are independent of the state: two things are always in a space-time relation. Entanglement: entanglement is state-dependent, whether two things are intertwined: therefore it is questionable whether it is an external relation; this is not a question of the nature of the terms.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Es I
M. Esfeld
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002

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