Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Peter M. Simons on Relations - Dictionary of Arguments

I 328
Relations/topology/Simons: let R be a binary relation and a is a class of objects.
Def left closed under R: is a, if no R-relationship runs from the outside to the inside, e.g. if nobody else owes Jack and Jill money, the pair is left closed under debt while everyone can owe the other something or any third party (external). Conversely to that:
Def right closed under R: if no R-relationship runs from the inside to the outside, e.g. neither Jack nor Jill owes someone else something, regardless of whether they are creditors of a third party or among themselves.
, >Parts, >Wholes.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Simons I
P. Simons
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987

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