Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Verification, philosophy: verification means determining the truth value ("true" or "false") of statements that refer to the observable. The admissible means of verification are determined by the theories, the statements belong to. See also verificationism, confirmation, certainty, empiricism, foundation, proof, manifestation, understanding, generalization._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Nelson Goodman on Verification - Dictionary of Arguments
Verification/Goodman: e.g. 26 marbles are black, there is 1 unknown color and 25 verified colors: we could assume a "continuability" of predicates (>projectability).
Problem: from the same data can follow both black, as well as a different color.
Although some statements that confirm a general hypothesis are conclusions from it, but not all conclusions of it verify it.
"And"/conjunction: verification of an ingredient gives the whole statement no credibility which would pass onto other sub-statements.
Confirmation/Hempel: a hypothesis is really only confirmed by such statements, that are application cases of it in the special sense that from them follows not the hypothesis itself, but its relativization or restriction on the class of objects that is mentioned in that statement.
Verification/Goodman: even with the present, real objects only a fairly small part of our knowledge is often based on direct verification.
>Knowledge._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Catherine Z. Elgin
Reconceptions in Philosophy and Other Arts and Sciences, Indianapolis 1988
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989
Ways of Worldmaking, Indianapolis/Cambridge 1978
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Fact, Fiction and Forecast, New York 1982
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Languages of Art. An Approach to a Theory of Symbols, Indianapolis 1976
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
Authors A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z