|Conflicts: Conflicts are disagreements or disputes between individuals or groups arising from differences in opinions, interests, or goals, leading to tension, opposition, or hostility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Philip Tetlock on Conflicts - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 240
Conflicts/Tetlock/D’Agostino: (...) 'people are reluctant decision makers who do their damnedest to minimize cognitive effort, emotional dissonance, and moral angst by denying that important values conflict' (Tetlock 2000(1): 240).
[Tetlock] continues: ‚People will be slow to recognize that core values clash; they will rely on mental shortcuts that eliminate direct comparisons between clashing values; they will
engage in the dissonance-reduction strategy of bolstering to reduce the stress of those value conflicts they are forced to acknowledge; and they will resort to decision- evasion tactics, such as buck-passing, procrastination, and obfuscation, to escape responsibility for making choices. ‚(2000(1):240)
Behavior/diversity/D’Agostino: (The psychic tendencies that Tetlock refers to can
make it hard to achieve political compromise, an important mechanism in the liberal repertoire.) >Diversity/D’Agostino.
1. Tetlock, Philip (2000) 'Coping with trade-offs: psychological constraints and political implications'. In Arthur Lupia, Mathew McCubbins and Samuel Popkin, eds, Elements of Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
D’Agostino, Fred 2004. „Pluralism and Liberalism“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004