Social Psychology on Remorse - Dictionary of Arguments
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Remorse/Social Psychology/Nadler/Mueller: As a general matter, when a wrongdoer expresses remorse, this expression can influence perceptions of the wrongdoer's moral character, and his propensity to engage in wrongful behavior in the future (Etienne and Robbennolt, 2007(1); Gold and Weiner, 2000(2); Takaku, 2001(3)).
Apology: An apology is designed to convince others that the wrongful act does not represent what I am "really like" as a person (Schlenker, 1980)(4).
Personal relations: An expression of remorse by a romantic partner leads to the belief that the wrong will not be repeated, which in turn leads to empathy and forgiveness (J.R. Davis and Gold, 2011)(5).
Intention: When a victim perceives a transgression as having been unintentional, an apology is an effective way of prompting forgiveness; however, victims are slower to forgive intentional transgressions even after an apology. In fact, in some cases of intentional wrongdoing, an apology can actually hinder forgiveness (Struthers et al., 2008)(6). >Apologies/Social Psychology, >Attractiveness/Social Psychology, >Punishment/Social Psychology.
1. Etienne, M. and J. K. Robbennolt (2007). "Apologies and Plea Bargaining." Marquette Law Review 91:295.
2. Gold, G. J. and B. Weiner (2000). "Remorse, Confession, Group Identity, and Expectancies
About Repeating a Transgression." Basic and Applied Social Psychology 22(4): 291-300.
3. Takaku, S. (2001). "The Effects of Apology and Perspective Taking on Interpersonal Forgiveness: A Dissonance-Attribution Model of Interpersonal Forgiveness." Journal of social Psychology 141 doi:10.1080/00224540109600567.
4. Schlenker, B. R. (1980). Impression Management: The Self-concept, Social Identity, and Inter-
personal Relations. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
5. Davis, J. R. and G. J. Gold (2011). "An Examination of Emotional Empathy, Attributions of
Stability, and the Link Between Perceived Remorse and Forgiveness." Personality and lndividual Differences 50(3): 392-397. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.10.031.
6. Struthers, C. W., J. Eaton, A. G. Santelli, M. Uchiyama, and N. Shirvani (2008). "The Effects of Attributions of Intent and Apology on Forgiveness: When Saying Sorry May not Help the Story." Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 44(4):983—992. doi:10.1016/
Nadler, Janice and Pam A. Mueller. „Social Psychology and the Law“. In: Parisi, Francesco (ed) (2017). The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics. Vol 1: Methodology and Concepts. NY: Oxford University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Francesco Parisi (Ed)
The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics: Volume 1: Methodology and Concepts New York 2017