|Consciousness, philosophy: The experience of differences along with a knowledge about alternatives as opposed to purely automatic responses. See also intentionality, identity theory, other minds._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
William James on Consciousness - Dictionary of Arguments
Diaz-Bone I 38
Consciousness/James: consciousness is a real execution of transcending psychic acts. Consciousness has no other being, there is no reality behind consciousness. The simplest would be to say "it thinks" as we say "it rains". Since we cannot do this, we have to say that "consciousness events takes place". >Process.
1. Every state of consciousness always appears as a personal consciousness.
2. Consciousness is procedural.
3. It is continuum, which cannot be experienced in sections, changes are never abrupt.
4. Consciousness is selective
5. It is always concerned with objects.
Consciousness thus represents a stream of consciousness with its own reality.
The logical links "and", "or", "if" are part of the immediate consciousness, and not of the conceptual reason based on it. >Connectives, >Logical Particles, >Logical Constants.
Consciousness/James: consciousness is not an entity but a function.
Consciousness flow: consciousness flow integrates psyche and physique and overcomes >dualism._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996