|Pragmatism, philosophy: the philosophical pragmatism deals mainly with the effects of our actions in the world. In particular, in the direction of pragmatism represented by W. James, truth is conceived as something that has proved useful or will prove useful. See also ideal assertiveness, truth, Peirce, Dewey, Rorty, Putnam._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
William James on Pragmatism - Dictionary of Arguments
Diaz-Bone I 68
Pragmatism/James: the term pragmatism is used for the first time by James 1898. He, however, refers to Peirce, 1878.
Signs/Peirce/VsKant: VsConstruction of the transcendental subject: Pragmatism is the method that enables successful linguistic and intellectual communication and clear ideas. For Peirce every thought is a sign.
Pragmatism/Peirce: pragmatism is a voluntary action theory.
Definition Voluntarism: Will as the basic principle of being.
Pragmatism: pragmatism is like a corridor in the middle of many rooms, it belongs to all who use it.
Concept/Pragmatism: He considers all concepts hypotheses. Use is always a personal decision.
We do not live to think, but we think to live.
Science/James: Science, comon sense and individual consciousness have one thing in common: they should increase the human adaptability.
PragmatismVsCorrespondence theory: Conformity in James, the dichotomy true/false is softened. (> Realization, >adjustment).
VsPragmatism: that James confuses truth with certainty: it can never be ascertained whether an observation is properly translated. (> Basic sentence problem)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996