|World: The expression "world" refers to the entirety of existence, including the physical universe, diverse cultures, societies, and natural phenomena. It represents the interconnectedness within the cosmos, offering a perspective on the tangible and intangible aspects of existence. See also Totality, Existence, Reality, World/thinking._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
William James on World - Dictionary of Arguments
Diaz-Bone I 128
World/Unity/Multiplicity/James: this is the most important philosophical problem, because it has substantive consequences. Is multiplicity really irrelevant? Unity is not the only need. Nevertheless, I will always regard unity as a preeminence to multiplicity.
Unity: the concept alone cannot be a guarantee for the comprehension of the whole by the conceptual idea. The term universe is not an evidence for its actual existence.
World/James: instead of the question of unity and multiplicity, the view is of particular importance that it is a space-time continuum.
Unity and multiplicity are absolutely equivalent here.
Causality/James: can then be spoken of causal unity or a purpose-unit of the world at all? Multiplicity can be regarded just as eternal as causal unification.
World/James: Neither universe nor multiverse, unity and multiplicity can exist simultaneously and side by side. The world is one in which their parts are connected. It is more and more brought into uniform systems by humanity. (Davidson: description-dependent; >Reality/Davidson, Descriptions/Davidson, Ontology/Davidson, World/Thinking/Davidson)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996