Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jacques Lacan on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Prechtl I 119
Language/Lacan: Row of signifiers: social order - the subject is not sovereign. - It only has access to his experience within the frame of meanings.
Pagel I 17
Language/Lacan: is the ultimate agent.
I 44
Language/Lacan: Language is not a substance but a form. The human speaks, but he does so because the symbol has made him a human.
I 46
Significant/Lacan: the function of the signifier is not to represent the signified! The relatively insignificant can be the actually effective. That which counts and does not tell. Expulsion of the signifier is its effect, not a content severity.
I 46
Language/Lacan: neither representation nor instrument. Rather, a "differential articulation". The sense is always a retrospective product.
>Sense, >Signs, >Designation.
I 48/49
Metonymy/Lacan: displacement of meaning. Middle of the unconscious, to outwit the censorship. (Like Freud).
I 53
Language/Lacan: demands renounce of the narcissistic insistence of "me or you". It requires subordination to a universality of commonality. (Similar to Hegel).
I 55
Language/Lacan: with the language, we can persuade ourselves without knowing that we have deceived ourselves, since the language talks to us.
Cf. >Persuasion/Aristotle.
- - -
Gabriele Röttger-Denker Barthes zur Einführung Hamburg 1989
I 100
Language/Lacan: Language is not immaterial. It is a subtle body.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Sau I
P. Prechtl
Saussure zur Einführung Hamburg 1994

Lacan I
Gerda Pagel
Jacques Lacan zur Einführung Hamburg 1989

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