Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Knowledge: Knowledge is the awareness or understanding of something. It can be acquired through experience, or education. Knowledge can be factual, procedural, or conceptual. See also Propositional knowledge, Knowledge how.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Newell, A./Simon, H. on Knowledge - Dictionary of Arguments

Münch III 74
Knowledge/Search/Recognition/Menon/Socrates: How do you want to search that of what you do not know what it is?
And if you find it, how do you recognize that it is what you did not know?
Solution/Plato: The Famous Theory of Recollection.

Knowledge/Finding/Recognizing/Newell/SimonVsPlato: today much easier explanation: to represent a problem means,
1. a test for a class of symbol structures (solutions) and
2. a method for generating symbol structures.
Why do we not immediately produce an expression that describes the solution? We do that when we wish and dream.
But: knowing how we would test something if we had it does not mean we know how it is developed.
There are move procedures, but there is no procedure for winning moves.
There must be a problem area prior to the move process.
Definition moves/move/Newell/Simon: moves are transformations of problem area situations.
Symbolic systems: they guarantee that they can represent problem areas and have move procedures.
Cf. >Problem Solving.

Allen Newell/Herbert Simon, “Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search“ Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19 (1976), 113-126

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

D. Münch (Hrsg.)
Kognitionswissenschaft Frankfurt 1992

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