Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Thinking: Thinking is a cognitive process that involves mental activities such as reasoning, problem solving, decision making, imagination and conceptualization. These operations enable individuals to process information, make sense of their experiences and interact with the world around them.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jean Piaget on Thinking - Dictionary of Arguments

Slater I 60
Thinking/future/children/cognitive development/Piaget: Piaget was interested in whether young children, around five years old, could “think ahead” in their everyday lives. He used a simple version of the Tower of Hanoi (TOH). Rules:
1. Only move one disk at a time
2. Never put a larger disk above a smaller disk.
Slater I 63
Piaget: conclusion: most five- and six-year-old children “cannot move the three-disk tower even after trial and error ( …) (Piaget 1976(1) p. 288).
VsPiaget: because, even an infant can remove a single obstacle to achieve a desired goal (McCarty, Clifton, & Collard, 1999(2)) or use a tool to retrieve a desired object (Chen & Siegler, 2000)(3).
, >Play, >Intelligence, >Thinking.

1. Piaget, J. (1976) The grasp of consciousness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
2. McCarty, M. E., Clifton, R. K., & Collard, R. R. (1999) Problem solving in infancy: the emergence of an action plan. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1091-1101
3. Chen, Z., & Siegler, R. S. (2000). Across the great divide: bridging the gap between understanding of toddlers’ and older children’s thinking. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 65, 2, (Whole No. 261).

David Klahr, ”Revisiting Piaget. A Perspective from Studies of Children’s Problem-solving Abilities”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Piag I
J. Piaget
The Psychology Of The Child 2nd Edition 1969

Slater I
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012

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