Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Knowledge: Knowledge is a conscious relationship to sentences or propositions, which legitimately attributes to them truth or falsehood. What is known is true. Conversely, it does not apply that everything that is true is also known. See also knowledge how, propositional knowledge, realism, abilities, competence, truth, facts, situations, language, certainty, beliefs, omniscience, logical knowledge, reliability

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jean Piaget on Knowledge - Dictionary of Arguments

Upton I 94
Knowledge/Piaget/VsPiaget/Upton: It has also been proposed that younger children’s thinking is hindered by a lack of general knowledge. According to Johnson-Laird (1993)(1), problem solving is not based upon existing mental structures of logical thought, but depends instead on factual knowledge and our understanding of the world around us. We construct mental models – mental images of the problems to be solved – that are based on our factual understanding of the world. The difficulty for children is that they have less knowledge and information about the world – the problem is therefore a quantitative, not a qualitative, one.


1. Johnson-Laird, P.N. (1993) How the mind thinks, in Harman, G. (ed.) Conceptions of the Mind: Essays in honor of George A. Miller. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Piag I
J. Piaget
The Psychology Of The Child 2nd Edition 1969

Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011


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