|Values: Values are fundamental beliefs that guide behavior, representing principles individuals hold dear, influencing choices and attitudes towards oneself, others, and the world. See also Beliefs, Behavior, Individuals, Community, Norms, Principles, Decisions, Decision-making processes, Decision theory. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
John Rawls on Values - Dictionary of Arguments
Values/Equalities/intrinsic/Rawls: that people have the same value is not a necessary condition for them to enjoy equal freedoms. But it is also not a sufficient condition: it is sometimes said that equal fundamental rights are derived from the same opportunities for individuals to develop themselves further.
RawlsVs: it is not clear why this should be so. Here the concepts of right and value are mixed up.
To make the Thin Theory (See Good/The Good/Rawls) a full-fledged one that is about the value of a person, we ask how citizens judge fellow citizens who are in the same position. This involves average skills in an average position and in different roles, especially those that are considered more important. In addition, we assume broad qualities that are normally sought by rational persons. (The indication of broad qualities comes from T. M. Scanlon).
>T. M. Scanlon.
Def good person/Def moral value/Rawls: a person of moral value is then an individual with an above-average degree of broad moral qualities, so that it is rational for individuals in the initial situation of a society to be established to strive for this for themselves and for each other. N.B.: no additional ethical concepts are introduced._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005