Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Person, philosophy: A thinking and sentient being that distinguishes itself from others. In the course of the history of philosophy, further determinations have been agreed on or disregarded, e.g. rationality, autonomy, not-being-able-to-be-possessed. While the human and his body age, the person has no temporal stages. See also individual, law, continuants, identity.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Peter Singer on Person - Dictionary of Arguments

I 74
Person/P. Singer: The term originates from the theatre, where different roles could be taken through masks. The person later corresponded to the role someone plays in life.
Definition Person/Locke, John: a thinking, intelligent being who possesses reason and reflection and can see itself as itself, as the same thinking thing at different times and in different places. (J. Locke(1)).
>Person/Locke, cf. >Person/Kant, >Personal Identity.
P. Singer: that is close to Fletcher's concept of the human being.
I 75
Definition Person/P. Singer: I suggest to understand them as rational and self-confident beings.
Self-Consciousness/Terminology/P. Singer: I equate self-consciousness and self-awareness.
>Rationality, >Self-consciousness, >Awareness.

1. J. Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding, (1690), bk. II, chap. 27, par.9.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

SingerP I
Peter Singer
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011

SingerP II
P. Singer
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Singer
> Counter arguments in relation to Person

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z