|Similarity: conformity of one or more - but not all - properties of two or more objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Amos Tversky on Similarity - Dictionary of Arguments
Nozick II 660
Similarity/categories/Tverski: two things can be the most similar within a group while in another group they are the most dissimilar - therefore, the formulation of a category must not only be about the degrees of similarity, but must also cover of degrees of dissimilarity.
Difference: places things in different classifications.
Tverski: adding or removing some objects can affect how other things are classified - clusters are typically designed so that they maximize the similarity within the cluster and increase the difference to other clusters._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994