Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Seeing: In philosophy, the following questions related to seeing are interesting. The nature of perception, the relationship between perception and knowledge, the role of vision in human experience. See also Perception, Sensory impressions, Experience, Knowledge, Art, Artworks, Aesthetics, Aesthetic perception.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Chris Frith on Seeing - Dictionary of Arguments

I 53
Seeing/focus/Frith: we see only a surprisingly small section of a scene (e.g. I 52).
I 54
Change blindness/Rensink/Frith: a changed detail attracts only by chance our attention.
I 56
Brain: our brain knows that the scene as a whole is not blurred (even if the eye is only fixed on a small section)
Experience/Frith: thesis: therefore, our experience of a detailed visual world is rather an experience of different possibilities than what is already represented in our brain.
, >Representation/Frith.
I 132
Seeing/experience/brain/Helmholtz/Frith: E.g. Someone moves his eye with his finger: the world seems to move jerkily from one side to the other.
Solution: the brain has no experience with this kind of action but only with normal eye movements.
Solution: it is our brain that sends the signals to the eye muscles. This allows to predict exactly how the visual will change.
Learning: once again the brain learns important things about the world through prediction.
Prediction/prognosis/brain: the brain can use the prediction to make the world appear stable even though the image jumps wildly back and forth on our retina.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Frith I
Chris Frith
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
German Edition:
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013

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