Chris Frith on Seeing - Dictionary of Arguments
Seeing/focus/Frith: we see only a surprisingly small section of a scene (e.g. I 52).
Change blindness/Rensink/Frith: a changed detail attracts only by chance our attention.
Brain: our brain knows that the scene as a whole is not blurred (even if the eye is only fixed on a small section)
Experience/Frith: thesis: therefore, our experience of a detailed visual world is rather an experience of different possibilities than what is already represented in our brain.
Seeing/experience/brain/Helmholtz/Frith: E.g. Someone moves his eye with his finger: the world seems to move jerkily from one side to the other.
Solution: the brain has no experience with this kind of action but only with normal eye movements.
Solution: it is our brain that sends the signals to the eye muscles. This allows to predict exactly how the visual will change.
Learning: once again the brain learns important things about the world through prediction.
Prediction/prognosis/brain: the brain can use the prediction to make the world appear stable even though the image jumps wildly back and forth on our retina.
>World/thinking._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013