Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Ancient Philosophy on Being - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 460
Being/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: As is well known, the linguistic nature of human experience of the world has already been the guideline by which Greek metaphysics has developed the thinking of being since Plato's "Flight into the Logoi". Greek metaphysics, by thinking the being of being, has understood this being as a being that completes itself in thinking. Nous: This thinking is the thinking of the Nous that is thought as the highest and most actual being that gathers the being of all being in itself. The articulation of the logos brings the structure of being to the fore, and this being
Gadamer I 461
mentioned is for Greek thinking nothing other than the presence of being itself, its aletheia. It is the infinity of this presence towards which human thinking understands itself as being directed towards its completed possibility, its divinity. GadamerVs: Cf. >Language/Gadamer: "center of language".
Gadamer I 462
Metaphysics: In metaphysics, belonging refers to the transcendental relationship between being and truth, which thinks cognition as a moment of being itself and not primarily as a behavior of the subject. Such inclusion of recognition in being is the precondition of ancient and medieval thought. What is, is true in its essence, that is: present in the presence of an infinite spirit, and only for this reason is it possible for finite-human thinking to recognize being.
VsSubjectivity: So here we do not think from the concept of a subject that would be for itself and make everything else an object. On the contrary, in Plato, the being of the "soul" is determined by the fact that it participates in true being, i.e. that it belongs to the same sphere of being as the idea(1), and Aristotle says of the soul that it is, in a certain sense, all that exists(2). In this thinking, there is no talk of a worldless
Gadamer I 463
spirit, that is certain of itself and that would have to seek the path to worldly existence, but both originally belong together. The relationship is the primary one.
Teleology: The older thinking took this into account through the universal ontological function which it gave to the thought of teleology.

1. Plato, Phaid. 72;
2. Arist. De anima III 8, 431 b 21.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ancient Philosophy
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25
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